May 10, 2023|
With so many options available today, choosing an accounting software solution for your nonprofit can be a time-consuming and overwhelming process.
This guide is designed to help you avoid information overload, gain clarity, and save time.
You’ll learn how nonprofit accounting differs from regular accounting, and what software features overcome your most common challenges. Lastly, we’ll go over how to choose the right solution for your nonprofit organization.
So let’s get started.
The primary difference between nonprofits and regular businesses is their purpose. Profit-seeking entities typically exist to provide goods and services while accruing wealth to their owners or shareholders.
In contrast, nonprofits are meant to operate for the public good. In return, they receive a privileged tax-exempt status and must file a Form 990 each year.
Nonprofits are also subjected to unique compliance and reporting requirements to maintain their special status. As a result, nonprofit financial management and accounting functions differ in several ways that include:
Fund accounting is a type of accounting system that tracks and reports the accounting activity of a particular fund or program. Nonprofits typically use this system because they often have restrictions and requirements that tie funds to specific purposes.
Fund accounting enables nonprofits to ensure that resources are used in accordance with the rules and regulations of funding organizations, donors, or the government. Each fund is treated as a separate entity with its own procedures, accounts, and financial statements. This enables teams to account for revenues and expenses for each fund separately according to the regulations or restrictions governing each entity.
Regular businesses typically rely on income from the sale of goods or services. In contrast, nonprofits depend on multiple revenue sources with different tax treatments, including:
Donations and grants are typically the primary source of revenue for most nonprofits. These funds usually come from foundations, corporations, individuals, and the government — and are generally tax-deductible.
In-kind donations are gifts consisting of goods or services instead of money. For example, a department store may donate clothing to a shelter, or a restaurant may provide free food for an event. While these donations are not tax-deductible, they help lower costs for the organization’s events and programs.
Fundraising events such as marathons, auctions, and galas help nonprofits generate revenue and raise awareness of the organization’s programs. Donations raised during these events are tax-deductible, however ticket sales and sponsorships are usually subject to taxes.
Many nonprofits offer membership programs to donors with services that include discounts with partner businesses, access to resources, admission to events, and other services. Revenue derived from membership fees is typically not tax-deductible.
Nonprofits such as hospitals often charge fees for some services. In most cases, income earned from some of these services is not tax-deductible.
Nonprofit organizations, such as teachers’ unions, invest money from pension funds to generate a future return. Revenue generated this way is not tax-deductible.
Nonprofits are subjected to different accounting guidelines. As a result, they recognize revenue in alternative ways that include:
Regular businesses recognize revenue after delivering a product or service. In contrast, nonprofits report contributions as revenue upon receipt because no product or service is offered in return.
Most nonprofits have restrictions on how donations and grants are used. As a result, restricted funds are recognized once conditions are met while unrestricted funds are reported once received.
Nonprofits usually earn revenue from programs, marathons, galas, and other fundraising events. Revenue from these different sources may be recognized at different times, depending on the activity and accounting guidelines followed by the organization.
The US Internal Revenue Service (IRS) requires that nonprofits assign expenses based on their direct or indirect relation to program activities. As a result, nonprofits use a system called program cost allocation that (a) identifies direct costs associated with each program, (b) allocates indirect costs, and (c) periodically reviews and adjusts expenses when required.
Like most businesses, nonprofits must comply with financial reporting requirements on an annual and quarterly basis. This involves producing nonprofit financial statements such as a balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows.
Nonprofit organizations are subjected to different accounting guidelines established by regulatory organizations such as the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB). In addition, they have compliance requirements associated with their grant funding and tax-free status.
Nonprofits have unique accounting requirements that require specialized nonprofit software features, including:
Nonprofits typically use fund accounting to manage their financial resources. As a result, they require fund accounting software that tracks the accounting activity of programs or individual funds, and meets the reporting requirements of grantors and donors.
Most nonprofits rely on revenue from donations, and need nonprofit accounting software that enables them to track and manage contributions. Nonprofits also require software that integrates with online payment systems to process debit and credit card transactions.
Many nonprofits also depend on donor management software to produce online donation forms, manage donor data, send acknowledgment letters, and track donor history. As a result, most would benefit from software that integrates with donor management systems to reduce data entry, save time, and minimize repetitive tasks.
Many nonprofits depend on grants to fund their programs. Accounting systems that include grant management software features support teams throughout the entire grant lifecycle by enabling them to:
Nonprofits are accountable to numerous stakeholders, including donors, government agencies, and grant-funding organizations. As a result, nonprofits benefit from tools that allow them to create customized reports with the push of a button.
Most nonprofits use other software systems, such as customer relationship management (CRM) systems, learning management applications, and fundraising management software. Integrating with these other systems increases transparency and provides a comprehensive view of the organization’s financial health.
Nonprofits typically deal with sensitive data and require software from a reputable provider that implements strict security protocols. In addition, the software should also have comprehensive access controls that enable managers to set role-based permissions throughout the organization.
Choosing the best software for your nonprofit organization requires a thorough analysis of your requirements, team capabilities, and budget.
Some key factors to consider during the selection process include:
In summary, the right solution balances all these factors while giving your team the tools to improve efficiency, increase productivity, and enhance collaboration. That way, they can allocate effort to initiatives that contribute positively to your organization’s objectives and goals.
Quickbooks and Sage Intacct are both leading accounting solutions that feature basic accounting features, including:
While both solutions have these common aspects, the similarities end there.
Sage Intacct takes nonprofit accounting up a notch with unique features that include:
In addition, Sage Intact offers integrations that sync the software with popular nonprofit systems like iMIS, VoterVoice, TopClass, and more.
In summary, Quickbooks provide standard accounting features suitable for small to mid-sized businesses. In contrast, Sage Intacct’s advanced functionalities are customized to help nonprofits maximize their impact and achieve long-term success.
Ditch the legacy software and take your accounting operations up a notch with a modern financial system designed to help your organization grow.
The experts at enSYNC can show you how. For over 25 years we’ve helped nonprofits reach their maximum potential with the power of technology. Contact us to schedule a free demo to see what you’ve been missing.
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